GENERAL-KNOWLEDGE ARTICLES

Some Schemes and Missions at a Glance:

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HRIDAY - Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana

The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, Government of India, launched the National Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY) scheme on 21st January, 2015, with a focus on holistic development of heritage cities. The scheme aims to preserve and revitalise soul of the heritage city to reflect the city’s unique character by encouraging aesthetically appealing, accessible, informative & secured environment. City HRIDAY Plans for 12 cities have been approved. 77 Projects amounting to Rs. 423.67 Crore have been approved for all the 12 cities. As on Februrary-2019, Instalments amounting to Rs. 360.87 Crore have been released to city mission directorates for execution of approved projects. 28 projects amounting to Rs. 180 crore have been completed. Remaining projects are under various stages of implementation and will be completed by March, 2019.

 

AMRUT- Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation

The Government of India has launched the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) with the aim of providing basic civic amenities like water supply, sewerage, urban transport, parks as to improve the quality of life for all especially the poor and the disadvantaged. The focus of the Mission is on infrastructure creation that has a direct link to provision of better services to the citizens. Total outlay for AMRUT is Rs. 50,000 crores for five years from FY 2015-16 to FY 2019-20 and the Mission and is being operated as Central Sponsored Scheme. The project fund is divided among States/UTs in an equitable formula in which 50:50 weightage is being given to the urban population of each State/UT and number of statutory towns.

 

SBM-(U) - Swachh Bharat Mission Urban

The Swachh Bharat Mission - Urban (SBM-U), launched on 2nd October 2014 aims at making urban India free from open defecation and achieving 100% scientific management of municipal solid waste in 4,041 statutory towns in the country. 

The targets set for the Mission, which have to be achieved by 2nd October 2019 include-

  1. Construction of 66.42 Lakh individual household toilets (IHHL);
  2. Construction of 2.52 lakh community toilet (CT) seats;
  3. Construction of 2.56 lakh public toilet (PT) seats; and
  4. Achieving 100% door-to-door collection and scientific management of municipal solid waste (MSW).

A total of Rs. 6,592 crores have been released to states. Total numbers of 48.67 lakh individual household toilets and 3.3 lakh Community/Public Toilet (CT/PT) seats have already been constructed and 8.3 lakh individual toilets and 0.37 lakh CT/PT are under construction. 2679 cities have been so far self-declared Open Defecation Free and after third-party certification, 2,133 cities/ ULBs have been certified as Open Defecation Free (ODF).

 

PMAY-(U) - Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana Urban

Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana was launched in June 2015 with an aim to provide affordable housing in urban poor. Under PMAY, it is proposed to build 2 crore houses for urban poor including Economically Weaker Sections and Low Income Groups in urban areas by the year 2022 through a financial assistance of Rs. 2 trillion from central government. The features of Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana are that the government will provide an interest subsidy of 6.5% on housing loans availed by the beneficiaries for a period of 20 years under credit link subsidy scheme (CLSS) from the start of a loan. The houses under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana would be constructed through a technology that is eco-friendly, while allotting ground floors in any housing scheme under PMAY, preference will be given to differently abled and older persons.

It will be implemented in 3 Phases starting and completing the house construction work as follows:

PMAY Phase-1 from April 2015 to March 2017 to cover 100 cities.

PMAY Phase-2 from April 2017 to March 2019 to cover additional 200 cities.

PMAY Phase-3 from April 2019 to March 2022 to cover the remaining cities.

 

DAY-NULM - Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission

National Urban Livelihoods Mission (NULM) was launched by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MHUPA), Government of India in 23rd September, 2013 by replacing the existing Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY).The NULM will focus on organizing urban poor in their strong grassroots level institutions, creating opportunities for skill development leading to market-based employment and helping them to set up self-employment venture by ensuring easy access to credit. The Mission is aimed at providing shelter equipped with essential services to the urban homeless in a phased manner. In addition, the Mission would also address livelihood concerns of the urban street vendors.

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