GENERAL-KNOWLEDGE ARTICLES

Inventions & Their Inventors

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An invention is a unique device, method, composition or process. The invention process is a process within an overall engineering and product development process. It may be an improvement upon a machine or product or a new process for creating an object or a result. An invention that achieves a completely unique function or result may be a radical breakthrough. Such works are not obvious to others skilled in the same field. List of Some Inventions and their inventions are as follows - 

S. No. Inventor Inventions Year Country
1 Alessandro Volta Electric Battery 1800 Italy
2 Alexander Bain Facsimile machine 1843 Britain
3 Alexander Graham Bell Microphone 1876 USA
4 Alexander Graham Bell Telephone 1876 USA
5 Alexander Parkes Celluloid 1861 Britain
6 Alva J Fisher Electric washing machine 1906 USA
7 Andre-Marie Ampere Galvanometer 1834 France
8 Appert canned food 1804 France
9 Arthur Wynne Crossword puzzle 1913 USA
10 Bardeen, Shockley & Brattain Transistor 1948 USA
11 Bartholomew Manfredi Watch 1462 Italy
12 Bell Labs Cellphone 1947 USA
13 Benjamin Franklin bifocal lens 1780 USA
14 Benjamin Franklin Lightning conductor 1752 USA
15 Berthelot Acetylene Gas 1862 France
16 Boyer, Cohen Cloning, DNA 1973 USA
17 Carlson Photocopier 1938 USA
18 Carrier Air conditioning 1902 USA
19 Chadwick Neutron 1932 Britain
20 Charles F Kettering Self-starter 1911 USA
21 Charles Ginsberg Videotape 1956 USA
22 Charles Goodyear Rubber (Vulcanised) 1841 USA
23 Charles Macintosh Rubber (waterproof) 1823 Britain
24 Charles Strite Pop-up toaster 1927 USA
25 Col Jacob Schick Razor (electric) 1931 USA
26 Colt Pistol, revolver 1836 USA
27 Crick,Watson & Wilkins DNA Structure 1951 Crick-UK,Watson-US,Wilkins-UK
28 Cristofori Piano 1709 Italy
29 Dalton atomic theory 1803 Britain
30 Damadian MRI 1971 USA
31 Daniel Halladay Windmill 1854 USA
32 David Bushnell Submarine 1776 USA
33 Denis Gason Holography 1947 Britain
34 Dr Le de forest Film (musical sound) 1923 USA
35 Dr Mohlon Loomis Radio telegrapy 1864 USA
36 Dr Wallace H Carothers Nylon 1937 USA
37 Dr. F Lanchester Disc brakes 1902 Britain
38 Dunlop Rubber Co. Rubber (latex foam) 1928 Britain
39 E cartwright Loom, power 1785 Britain
40 Edward Teller Hydrogen bomb 1952 USA
41 Edwin T. Holmes burglar alarms 1858 USA
42 EH Armstrong Frequency modulation 1933 USA
43 Ehrlich Chemotheraphy 1909 Germany
44 Einstein Relativity theory 1905 Germany
45 Elisha G Otis Lift (mechanical) 1852 USA
46 Elisha Thomson Welder (electric) 1877 USA
47 Erik Rotheim Aerosol spray 1926 Norway
48 Etinne Oehmichen Helicopter 1924 France
49 Evangelista Torricelli barometer 1644 Italy
50 Fessenden Poulsen Tape recorder 1899 Denmark
51 Fred Morrisson Frisbee 1948 USA
52 Fritz Pfleumer Magnetic recording tape 1928 Germany
53 G Marconi Radio telegrapy (trans Atlantic) 1901 Italy
54 G Marconi Wireless (telegraph the) 1896 Italy
55 G. Daimler Motorcycle 1885 Germany
56 George Claude Neon lamp 1910 France
57 Geprges de Mestral Velcro(hook-and-loop-fastner) 1948 Switzerland
58 Goodwin Eastman Photo film, transparent 1884 USA
59 Gottlieb Daimler Carburettor 1876 Germany
60 H.W. Seeley Electric flat iron 1882 USA
61 Hans Lippershey Telescope 1608 Netherlands
62 Harry Brealey Steel(Stainless) 1913 Britain
63 Henri Giffard Airship(non-rigid) 1852 France
64 Henry W.Seely Electric iron 1882 USA
65 Hon Sir C Parson Ship (turbine) 1894 Britain
66 Horace Short Loudspeaker 1900 Britain
67 Hounsfield CT Scan 1973 Britain
68 Hurley Machine co Washing machine(elec) 1907 USA
69 Hypolite Pixii Dynamo 1832 France
70 I Hsing & Liang Ling Tsan Clock (Mechanical) 1725 China
71 IBM Floppy disk 1970 USA
72 IC Perier Ship (steam) 1775 France
73 J Robert Oppenheimer Atomic bomb 1945 USA
74 J. Engl, J.Mussolle & H Vogt Film (talking) 1922 Germany
75 J.F. Cantrell Launderette 1934 USA
76 J.N. Niepce Photography (on metal) 1826 France
77 Jacques & Joseph Montgolfier balloon 1783 France
78 James Harrison, Alexandre catlin Refrigerator 1850 USA
79 James Watt Steam Engine(Condenser) 1765 Britain
80 JamesHargreaves Spinning Jenny 1764 Britain
81 Johann Gutenberg Printing press 1455 Germany
82 John Boyd Duniop bicycle tyres(pneumatic) 1888 Britain
83 John Browning automatic rifle 1918 USA
84 John Carbutt Photography (on film) 1888 USA
85 John Harrison Chronometer 1735 Britain
86 John J loud ballpoint pen 1888 USA
87 John Logie Baird Television (mechanical) 1926 Britain
88 John Logie Baird Television, colour 1928 Britain
89 John Walker Match, safety 1826 Britain
90 Joseph Aspdin Cement (Portland) 1824 Britain
91 Julius Elster, Hans F Geitel Photoelectric cell 1893 Germany
92 Karl Benz car(Petrol) 1888 Germany
93 Kennedy, whal,Seaborg,Segre Plutonium fission 1940 USA
94 Kepany Fibre-optics 1955 Britain
95 King C Gillette Razor (safety) 1895 USA
96 King camp Gillette Safety razor 1903 USA
97 Kirkpatrick Macmillan bicycle 1839 Britain
98 Lacques Nicolas Conte Pencil 1792 France
99 Leo H Baekeland Bakelite 1907 Belgium
100 Lewis Edson Waterman Fountain pen 1884 USA
101 Lewis Pasteur Pasteurization 1867 France
102 Libby Radiocarbon dating 1947 USA
103 Louise Prince Film (moving outlines) 1885 France
104 Luigi Brugnatelli Electroplating 1805 Italy
105 M Lammond Telegraph 1787 France
106 Martagnier HIV 1984 France
107 Mendeleyev Periodic table 1869 Russia
108 Michael Faraday Transformer 1831 Britain
109 Moog Synthesiser 1964 USA
110 Moseley atomic numbers 1913 Britain
111 Napier Logarithms 1614 Britain
112 Narinder Kapany Optical fibre 1955 Germany
113 Newton calculus 1670 Britain
114 Nicolas and Jean Lumiere Cinema 1895 France
115 Nicolas Cugnot Car(Steam) 1769 France
116 Nikola Tesla Electric motor (AC) 1888 USA
117 Ohain Aeroplane, jet engine 1939 Germany
118 Orville & Wilbur Wright Aeroplane 1903 USA
119 P.T Farnsworth Television (electronic) 1927 USA
120 Pascal Adding machine 1642 France
121 Percy LeBaron Spencer Microwave oven 1947 USA
122 Philips co. Cassette, Audio 1963 Holland
123 Phillips co Disc, video 1972 Holland
124 Plank Quantum theory 1900 Germany
125 R. Willhelm von Bunsen Bunsen Burner 1855 Germany
126 RCA Compact disc 1972 USA
127 Reichenbach Photo film, celluloid 1893 USA
128 Rene Laennec Stethoscope 1816 France
129 Richard Drew Adhesive tape, Scotch 1930 USA
130 Richard Gatling Machine gun 1718 Britain
131 Richard Hoe Printing (rotatory) 1846 USA
132 Richard Trevithick Locomotive 1804 Britain
133 Robert Noyce & Gordon Moore Microprocessor 1971 USA
134 Rudolf Diesel Diesel engine 1895 Germany
135 Ruska Knoll Microscopes, elect 1931 Germany
136 Rutherford Proton 1919 New Zealand
137 Samuel Cohan Neutron bomb 1958 USA
138 Samuel Crompton Spinning Mule 1779 Britain
139 Samuel FB Morse Telegraph code 1837 USA
140 Sir Emest D Swington Tank 1914 Britain
141 Sir Frank Whittle Jet engine 1937 Britain
142 Sir George Cayley Glider 1853 Britain
143 Sir Joseph Swan Rayon 1883 Britain
144 Sir Richard Arkwright Spinning frame 1769 Britain
145 Sony Cassette videotape 1969 Japan
146 Sony Transistor radio 1955 Japan
147 Spangler Vacuum cleaner 1907 USA
148 Szilard Fermi Uranium fission, atomic reactor 1942 USA
149 Tennant bleaching powder 1798 Britain
150 Theodore Maiman Laser 1960 USA
151 Thomas alva Edison Electric Lamp 1879 USA
152 Thomas Alva Edison Gramophone 1878 USA
153 Thomas Edison Movie projector 1593 USA
154 Thomas Hancock Rubber (Tyres) 1846 Britain
155 Thomas Newcomen Steam Engine(Piston) 1712 Britain
156 Thomas Savery Steam Engine 1698 Britain
157 Thomson J Electron 1897 Britain
158 Volvo Seatbelt 1959 Sweden
159 W Le Baron Jenny Skyscraper 1882 USA
160 William Henry Fox Talbot Photography (on paper) 1835 Britain
161 Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen x-ray 1895 Germany
162 Whitcomb L. Judson Zipper 1890 USA
163 Walker Eastman camera, Kodak 1888 USA
164 Walter Hunt Safety pin 1849 USA
165 Wernher von Braun ballistic missile 1944 Germany
166 William Bullock Printing (Web) 1865 USA
167 William Kolff Artificial heart 1957 Netherlands
168 William Oughtred Slide rule 1621 Britain
169 William Sturgeon Electromagnet 1824 Britain
170 Z.Janssen Microscope,comp 1590 Netherlands
171 Zenobe Gramme electric motor (DC) 1873 Belgium

 

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